Physical activity is the general term for any activity that involves body movement and increases the body’s rate of energy usage. Some activities result in relatively minor or moderate increases in energy usage, while others result in relatively high increases. According to the results of a study published in January 2014 in the journal Alcohol, people who participate in moderate levels of physical activity have an increased tendency to consume alcohol. This tendency appears to be largely connected to a personality trait called impulsiveness or impulsivity.
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It sometimes feels more frustrating than the original addiction: watching your loved one relapse after weeks, months, or even years of hard work. If you are coping with life after your spouse’s addiction, be aware that relapse is very common. You should also know that a relapse does not mean that he can’t or won’t get back on track again. When relapse does happen, stand firm, give him your support, and take care of yourself. Help him get through this bump in the road and your relationship will be the healthier for it. Continue reading
Heroin is, in many respects, the classic opioid substance of abuse. Among other risks, users of this powerful drug regularly face the possibility of overwhelming their systems and experiencing a potentially lethal overdose. In a study published in July 2014 in the International Journal of Drug Policy, researchers from Sweden’s Malmo University used a small-scale project to examine how heroin users respond to other users in the midst of a drug overdose. These researchers concluded that, despite generally good intentions, a number of factors can significantly interfere with a heroin user’s ability to help another overdosing user.
When you love an addict you go through many trials and challenges. When he was still using he probably neglected you. He may have used you or even stolen from you. You likely stayed up nights worrying. Now that he’s in recovery, you feel like a big weight has been lifted—but maybe you are still worrying about him and hoping he won’t start up again.
Research has shown that people who use cocaine have an increased susceptibility to immune system problems, as well as increased risks for serious or life-threatening infections. Some of the immune system-related issues in cocaine users appear to come from secondary environmental factors; however, some of these issues stem directly from changes in normal immune function. In a study published in May 2014 in the journal Addiction Biology, researchers from Spain and the U.S. looked at the types of immune system disruptions that can appear in people addicted to cocaine. They also looked at the impact of immune system dysfunction on the severity of cocaine addiction.
Impulse control problems are unusual difficulties controlling the momentary, impulsive urges that naturally arise in children and adults. The appearance of these problems is linked to a range of diagnosable health conditions, including substance use disorder, certain types of eating disorders, certain personality disorders and bipolar disorder. Doctors can identify impulse control issues with the help of a screening test called the UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale. In a study scheduled for publication in September 2014 in the journal Addictive Behaviors, researchers from three U.S. universities investigated the accuracy of a shorter form of the UPPS-P that requires much less time to administer to potentially affected individuals.
Marijuana use is relatively common in the U.S., especially among older teenagers and young adults. As with other substances of abuse, a number of underlying motivations can potentially explain initial and ongoing intake of this drug. In a study published in July 2014 in the journal Addictive Behaviors, researchers affiliated with three U.S. institutions used a screening tool called the Marijuana Motives Measure to help determine the reasons young people between the ages of 15 and 24 use marijuana on a regular basis. Among other things, these researchers concluded that the explanations provided for marijuana use can vary before and after drug intake.
It’s a firmly established fact that people who drink significant amounts of alcohol before having sex substantially increase their odds of participating in risky sexual practices and developing a sexually transmitted infection. However, researchers know relatively little about the factors that make a person more likely to drink alcohol before having sex. In a study published in August 2014 in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence, researchers from several U.S. institutions examined the potential impact of two specific factors: the absence or presence of a current relationship and the presence of diagnosable symptoms of alcohol use disorder.
Addiction has long been limited to the abuse of chemical substances that leads to physical and emotional dependence. While still debated by some experts, many now agree that there are many similarities between traditional substance addictions, and what are called process addictions. These are addictions to any kind of activity or behavior, and do not involve ingesting a substance like a drug or alcohol.
Alcohol consumption triggers both pleasurable brain effects (in the form of euphoria) and unpleasant brain effects (in the form of a negative reaction to other symptoms of intoxication). Any person who develops the symptoms of alcohol abuse and/or alcoholism must somehow withstand the unpleasant effects of drinking while attempting to access the pleasurable effects. In a study published in August 2014 in the journal Drug and Alcohol Dependence, a team of South Korean researchers used real-time brain scans to determine how people affected by alcoholism deal with the conflicting incentives to continue and discontinue drinking.