Texas Drug Abuse Statistics
Although America is in the midst of a serious drug abuse epidemic, with 52,404 drug overdose deaths in 2015, the good news is that Texas was one of 18 states with statistically lower overdose rates than the national rate.1 Of course even one drug-related death is too many and national prevention efforts are underway to address the growing prescription opioid crisis, which was responsible for 15,000 of the overdose deaths in 2015.2
Impact of the Illicit Drug Trade on Texas
Texas’ close proximity to Mexico makes it an obvious target for drug smuggling and related crimes. According to the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, illicit drugs distributed by the Sinaloa Cartel are primarily smuggled into the U.S. through crossing points located along Mexico’s border with West Texas, California, Arizona and New Mexico. Due to its territorial dominance over areas in northeastern Mexico, the Gulf Cartel smuggles the majority of its drug shipments between the Rio Grande Valley and South Padre Island in South Texas. The Los Zetas Cartel smuggles the majority of its illicit drugs via border crossing points between Del Rio and Falcon Lake, Texas, and recently expanded from marijuana and cocaine to heroin and methamphetamine distribution, with a significant drug supply hub in Dallas.3
In October 2015, 61 gang members and associates of the Latin Kings were charged with a racketeering and drug distribution scheme in the Austin, San Antonio and the Uvalde areas. Operating in Central Texas since 2005, they conspire to distribute marijuana, cocaine and methamphetamine, as well as carry out crimes such as attempted murder, extortion and robbery. The relationship between gangs and Mexican transnational criminal organizations (TCOs) presents a serious public safety threat in Texas. Home invasions, murders and kidnappings are among the crimes gang members commit on behalf of the TCOs.3
Texas Drug Abuse Statistics by Year
The Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration publishes national and state-specific alcohol and drug-use statistics periodically, including treatment rates. The following represent a few of the key Texas-specific statistics from 2010 to 2015.
- In 2010 to 2014, about 8.6% of people aged 12 and older who were dependent on or abused illicit drugs received treatment, well below the national average of 14.1%.4
- In 2013 to 2014, an estimated 464,000 individuals aged 12 or older (2.2%) per year were dependent on or abused illicit drugs within the year prior to being surveyed. The percentage did not change significantly from 2010 to 2011 to 2013 to 2014.4
- In 2014 to 2015, an estimated 24,000 adults aged 18 and older reported past-year heroin use.5
- In 2014-2015, about 1,937,000 adults aged 18 and older reported past-year marijuana use.5
- In 2015, an estimated 12,737 adults (4.9%) with substance use disorders and mental illness received integrated dual diagnosis treatment, well under the national average of 10.5%.6
- In 2015, about 29% of adults served by state mental health agencies had a co-occurring mental health and substance use disorder compared to the national average of 22.7%.6
Texas Alcohol Statistics
- In 2010 to 2014, about 1,176,000 adults aged 21 or older (6.7%) per year reported heavy alcohol use within the month prior to being surveyed.4
- In 2013 to 2014, an estimated 1,396,000 individuals aged 12 or older (6.5%) per year were dependent on or abused alcohol within the year prior to being surveyed. The percentage did not change significantly from 2010 to 2011 and 2013 to 2014.4
- In 201 to 2014, about 6.4% of people aged 12 and older who were dependent on or abused alcohol received treatment, just slightly under the national average of 7.3%.4
If you or a loved one need help quitting drugs or alcohol, call us today at 844-877-1781.
- Drug Overdose Deaths in the United States, 1999–2015. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. https://www.cdc.gov/nchs/products/databriefs/db273.htm Updated February 24, 2017. Accessed June 6, 2017.
- Prescription Opioid Overdose Data. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention website. https://www.cdc.gov/drugoverdose/data/overdose.html Updated December 16, 2016. Accessed June 6, 2017.
- 2016 National Drug Threat Assessment Summary. U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration website. https://www.dea.gov/resource-center/2016%20NDTA%20Summary.pdf Published November 2016. Accessed June 6, 2017.
- Behavioral Health Barometer Texas, 2015. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration website. https://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/2015_Texas_BHBarometer.pdf Published January 26, 2016. Accessed June 6, 2017.
- 2014-2015 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health: Model-Based Estimated Totals (50 States and the District of Columbia). Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration website. https://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/NSDUHsaeTotals2015A/NSDUHsaeTotals2015.pdf Published February 16, 2017. Accessed June 6, 2017.
- Texas 2015 Mental Health National Outcome Measures (NOMS): SAMHSA Uniform Reporting System. Substance Abuse and Mental Health Services Administration website. https://www.samhsa.gov/data/sites/default/files/Texas.pdf Published August 11, 2016. Accessed June 6, 2017.